The first step in this journey is to distinguish the differences of each vertebrate and correlate the type of food each consumes. Let’s start with the anatomical and physiological differences of the vertebrates to get a better view on their body’s design and the type of food each one consumes to thrive and maintain a good health. One question to think about when we go through this section; Imagine you are walking somewhere in the plains and jungles of Africa, you see lions, giraffes, zebras, hippos, chimpanzees, silverback apes, elephants, deer etc. If you had to choose between these animals, which animal would be the most similar anatomically and physiologically to the homo sapiens? And what do they eat as their main food source?

There a four categories where the vertebrate fall under;

Carnivores ; cats, cheetahs, lions, etc.

  • Diet; eat mainly meat, some vegetables, grass and herbs.
  • The digestive system; tong- very rough (for pulling and tearing), salivary glands-none, stomach- simple structure;small round sacks; strong gastric juices, small intestines- smooth and short, liver- 50 percent larger than that of humans, very complex with five distinct chambers; heavy bile flow for heavy gastric juices.
  • The eliminative system; colon- smooth, non sacculated, minimal ability for absorption. GI-tract- three times the length of the spine.
  • Extremities (limbs); Hands and feet- claw types; walks on all four.
  • Integumentary system; skin- 100 percent covered with hair; sweat glands- uses tongue and has sweat glands in foot pads only.
  • Skeletal system; teeth- incisor teeth in front and molars behind with large canine teeth for ripping; jaws- unidirectional, up and down only; tail- yes.
  • Urinary system; Kidneys (urine) acid.

Omnivores ; includes birds, (including chickens, turkeys, etc.) hogs and dogs.

  • Diet; some meat, vegetables, fruits, roots and some barks.
  • The digestive system; tongue- moderate to rough, salivary glands- underactive, stomach- moderate gastric acids (HCL and pepsin), small intestines- somewhat sacculated, which account for their ability to eat vegetables, liver- complex and larger proportionally than that of humans.
  • The eliminative system; colon- shorter than human colon,with minimal absorption.
    GI-tract- ten times longer than the spine
  • Extremities (limbs);  hands and feet- hoofs, claws and paws, walks on all four, except for birds.
  • Integumentary system; skin- smooth, oily, hair or feathers, sweat glands- very minimal, only around snout (hogs) and foot pads (dogs) and none on birds.
  • Skeletal system; teeth- tusk-like canine teeth or beaks, jaws – multidirectional, tail- yes.
  • Urinary system; kidneys (urine) acid.

Herbivores ; horses, cows, sheep, elephants, deer, giraffes.

  • Diet; vegetables, herbs and some roots and barks.
  • The digestive system; tongue- moderately rough, salivary glands- alkaline digestion starts here, stomach- oblong, ringed and the most complex (as a rule, has four or more pouches or stomachs) ; weak stomach acids, small intestines- long and sacculated for extensive absorption, liver- similar to human (slightly larger in capacity).
  • The eliminative system; colon-  long and sacculated for extensive absorption,
    GI-tract- thirty times the length of the spine.
  • Extremities (limbs);  hands and feet- hoofs, claws and paws, walks on all four.
  • Integumentary system; skin- pores with extensive hair covering the entire body, sweat glands- includes millions of perspiration ducts.
  • Skeletal system; teeth- twenty four molars, five on each side of each jaw and eight incisors (cutting teeth) in the front part of the jaws, jaws- multi-directional, up and down, side to side, forward and backward, creating a grinding effect, tail- yes.
  • Urinary system; kidneys (urine) alkaline.

Frugivores ; humans and primates (apes, chimpanzees, monkeys)

  • Diet; mainly fruits, nuts, seeds, sweet vegetables and herbs.
  • The digestive system; tongue- smooth, mainly used as a shovel, salivary glands- alkaline digestion energies start here, stomach- oblong with two compartments, small intestines- long and sacculated for extensive absorption, liver- simple and average size, not large and complex like carnivores.
  • The eliminative system; colon-  long and sacculated for extensive absorption,
    GI-tract- twelve times the length of the spine.
  • Extremities (limbs);  hands (upper) – for picking, pealing and tearing, feet (lower)- toes, walks upright on two extremities.
  • Integumentary system; skin- pores with minimal hair, sweat glands- includes millions of perspiration ducts.
  • Skeletal system; teeth- thirty two teeth with incisors (cutting), two cuspids (pointed),four small molars (bicuspids), and six molars (no long canine or tusk- type teeth, jaws- multi- motional, dimensional, up and down, backward and forward, side to side, etc., tail- some.
  • Urinary system; kidneys (urine) alkaline.

After examining the vertebrates we are able to see which vertebrate has the most resemblances to the human race. You might think that this is overly simplified and that there are more variables to consider, like the environment, weather, availability of produce, religious- and cultural influences and the likes. All that aside, it is a fact that it is hard to digest, absorb, utilize and eliminate meat and dairy, simply because of our design.

When we look at a carnivore and a frugivore we immediately see the differences in the size and complexity of the liver, the length of the gastrointestinal tract (GI) and the teeth structure. They are able to hunt, rip and eat a prey (uncooked). These differences obviously shows that we as homo sapiens are not designed to eat meat, where as carnivores clearly are. Even when we look at an omnivore (most humans assume we are) we can see that the length of the GI tract is too long to get the metabolic waste (gases, by products, undigested meat) of meat out of the system. Because of our design (long sacculated colon and deep pockets) it is often difficult to eliminate chunks of undigested meat (it gets stuck and rotten) out in time. It is a given that health and death starts in the transverse colon, this is also the medical thinking. I am grateful that the World Health Organisation is stepping up and acknowledging that (processed) red meat is carcinogenic and causes cancer. I hope that as we go further, your knowledge and understanding is expanding in regards to what we as humans, anatomically and physiologically, are supposed to consume and why cancer and other chronic illnesses exist.

A funny side note is that when you look in nature, there are no hospitals and prescription doctors to be found. Yet animals in the animal kingdom are in harmony and thriving in their environment. If they ever get sick (almost never), they instinctively know what to do (fasting). We as humans are the only species that has lost its way in nature and is somewhat confused about the type of foods to consume to reverse chronic illnesses, be vibrant and thrive on a daily basis. This obviously has to do with big pharmaceuticals and the way the medical doctors are educated.

It makes me sad to see so many people suffering from chronic illnesses. On the other hand, as a practitioner, it gives me a tremendous drive and power to know that the path we have to take as humans is the path of higher conscious living and electric foods, like fruits and herbs! That is, in my humble opinion, the only way I know to lift up the consciousness and life on planet earth. That is my only effort!